What are the 2 most common causes of Pulseless Electrical Activity?
Hypothermia and hypoxia
Hypovolemia and hypoxia
Hypovolemia and hyperkalemia
Hypoxia and hyperkalemia
What is the correct dosing regimen of epinephrine to treat PEA or Asystole?
300 mg bolus
1 mg IV/IO - repeated every 8 to 10 minutes
1 mg IV/IO - repeated every 3 to 5 minutes
.5 mg IV/IO - repeated every 8 to 10 minutes
Pulseless Electrical Activity is defined as:
No electrical activity present on an ECG
A perfusing rhythm without spontaneous respirations
Any organized rhythm without a pulse
Possible causes of an isoelectric ECG (Flat line) include:
Loose leads or leads not connected to the patient or defibrillator/monitor
No power to the monitor
Gain or amplitude too low
All of the above
Which of the following is not a reason to stop or withhold resuscitative efforts?
Indicators of do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) status
Threat to safety of providers
Resuscitation effort have been unsuccessful for 20 minutes or more
Routine insertion of an advanced airway in asystole:
Is contraindicated in a patient in asystole
Should take priority over gaining IV/IO access
Should only be performed if ventilations with a BVM are ineffective
Is necessary so the epinephrine can be given
The first dose of amiodarone for PEA treatment is:
Amiodarone is not used in PEA
Which of the following statements is not true?
CPR should not be stopped to administer drugs to PEA or Asystole patients
Treatment of PEA is limited to interventions outlined in the algorithm
IV/IO access is a priority over advanced airway management
Epinephrine is a common treatment for PEA and Asystole
Which of the following statements is true?
There is no evidence that attempting to "defibrillate" asystole is beneficial
The AHA recommends the use of TCP for patients with asystolic cardiac arrest
CPR should be interrupted while establishing IV or IO access in asystole patients
Identifying the cause of asystole is not important
PEA and Asystole are shockable rhythms